Types of forest in tamil nadu


Natural vegetation is a vegetation that grow naturally without any human effort, is mainly depends on temperature, rainfall and type of soil.
As per national forest policy, a region should have 33% of its land under forest but tamil nadu has only 17% of its land under forest.


Tamil nadu has different types of forest as list below
  • Tropical evergreen forest
  • Tropical deciduous forest
  • Thorny shrub forest
  • Mangrove forest
  • Hill forest


Tropical evergreen forest
From the name itslef tell that this is evergreen forest they never shed their leaves, Since the leaves are present always so their are called as evergreen forest. Average rainfall will be above 200 cm annual rainfall. This type of forest can be found in Slopes of nilgris, Anamalai hills and costal areas.

Tropical deciduous forest
These type of forest shed their leaves to avoid loss of moisture during dry season. This type of forest gets 100 to 200 rainfall per year. This type of forest can be found in part of theni, vellor, kanyakumari districts.

Thorny shrub forest
These type of forest recives low rainfall and they will have long dry period. Plants like lowly and widely scattered and bushes are commonly found here. They have thick stems, fleshy leaves and deep roots. Ramanathapuram , Thoothukudi district has this kind of forest.

Thorny shrub forest
These type of forest recives low rainfall and they will have long dry period. Plants like lowly and widely scattered and bushes are commonly found here. They have thick stems, fleshy leaves and deep roots.

Mangrove forest
Mangrove forest are found in the tidal areas, they must have high salinity. They are commonly found in estuaries and back water lakes. Pitchavaram, Kodikkarai and Vedaranyam have this kind of forest.

Hill forest
These type of forest found in hilly areas where the rainfall is heavy. In the hills of Anamalai and Niligris are example for this kind of forest.