Tebhanga Movement

Tebhanga Movement is a peasant movement in the Bengal region, India. During 1946-47 this period Movement happened due to jotedars. Jotedars collect huge tax in rural areas. The farmer should pay half of his cultivation to the Jotedars. Jotedars also collected money from local markets and shops. The Jotedars enjoyed more power than zamindaris.



Source : Wikipedia

Tebhaga movement was organised mainly by the communist cadres of the bengal provincial krishak sabha. Under their leadership the barga (sharecropping) peasants were mobilised against the landlord class. Tebhaga movement spread out to nineteen districts of Bengal. However, the movement was most intensely felt in the districts of Dinajpur, Rangpur, Jalpaiguri, Khulna, Mymensingh, Jessore and the 24-Parganas. However landholders had refused to accept the terms dictated by their tenants. But farmers told only one-third can be givven and that before division the crop would be sure in their godowns and not that of the Jotedars. The Jotedars were encouraged by the .fact that the Benqal Land Revenue Commission, popularly known as the Flood Commission had alreadv made this recommendation in its report to the government The Tebhaga movement resulted in clashes between Jotedars and Bargadars.

The police suppressed the Bargadars by the request of Jotedars In March 1947 the movement was suppressed and finally in 1950 the bill was passed.