Rowlatt Act

The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act, 1919, also known as Rowlatt Act, passed by Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi on March 18, 1919. Due to first world war there are many movement where started against british and the revolution spreed all over the indian. It is much spreeded in the areas of Punjab and Bengal. To bring the protestrs in their control British officials Passed on the recommendations of the Rowlatt Committee and named after its president, British judge Sir Sidney Rowlatt. The main goal of the act is to effectively authorized the government to imprison any person suspected of terrorism living in the Raj for up to two years without a trial, and gave the imperial authorities power to deal with all revolutionary activities.



Source : Wikipedia

The Rowlatt Acts were much resented by an aroused Indian public. The public where arrested without warrant and given punishment withut trial. All nonofficial Indian members of the council voted against the acts. Mahatma Gandhi organized a protest movement called Rowlatt Satyagraha he named this act as 'black act' that led directly to the Massacre of Amritsar (April 1919) and subsequently to his noncooperation movement (192022).

In 10 March 1919 the act came in to effort. Every where the protest are happening, mainly in punjab the protester where strongly aginst british. Some the leaders also arrested. In 13 April 1919, people from neighbouring villages gathered for Baisakhi Day celebrations in Amritsar the army started to attach, which led to the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919.

After this incident British govenement made few changes in the law in March 1922.