Non-Co-operation Movement

In order to show their opposition for the Rowlatt Act, Jallian Wala Bagh Massacre and Montague Chelmsford Refoems, Gandhiji decided to start non-co-operation movement at Calcutta Conference. The Movement was started in 1920 and was approved by Indian national congress at the Nagpur session in December, 1920. The movement was observed in three stages.



Source : Wikipedia

1. Firstly Indians who received titles and honours from the British renounced them in protest.

2. Secondly, there were large scale demonstrations including hartals. All government institutions including schools, collages, offices and legislatures were boycotted. Important leaders were arrested and imprisoned.

3. The most important and final stage of the movement was non-payment of taxes.

The congress session held in1921 at Ahmedabad called upon the people not to pay taxes to the Government till their demands were met. The non-co-operation movement was in its full swing, hartals and lockout were all over the country. In 1921, mass demonstrations were held against the Prince of Wales during his tour of India. The government restored to strong measures of repression. Many leaders were arrested.

The Congress and the Khilafat Committees were proclaimed as illegal. At several places bonfires of foreign clothes were organised. Gandhiji suspended Non-co-operation movement on 1922 due to The Chauri Chaura incident.