Kuka Movement

Kuka was a religio-political movement. Initially the movement started as a religious movement with a view to reform the Sikh religion. It was funded In 1840 in the West part of Punjab, later into a political movement against British The founder of this movement was "Bhagat Jawahar Mai" also known as Sian Sahib He and his disciple, Balak Singh gathered around with their followers and made Hazroas their capital. However, it was not real starting of the Kuka movement as we know today. The real founder was Baba Ram Singh, who was born in 1815 as a son of a poor carpenter, in a small village of Bhaini, around 7 kilometers away from Ludhiana.

Source : Wikipedia

The Kuka movement wants to throw the British rule and restore Sikh Sovereighty in Punjab. The Followers wearied handmade cloth and boycotted British goods.

They also boycotted English education. They also struggled for woman's freedom and advised to not use alcohol, drugs and eating of non-veq. The movement was growing faster, the British took some measure to control the Kuka movement and crush the revolt between 1863 to 1872. The British executed 65 Kukas by cannon and captured satguru Ram Singh,, transported him to Rangoon or Andaman Jai, where he died in 1885 After his his disciples Balak Singh and Ram singh carried forward the movement After the death of Ram Singh, the movement started to loss the visibility. The revolt also called as Namdhari Movement. In 2012 Government of India released a commemorative Rs 100 coin and in Dec 2014 released stamp on completion of 150 years of Kuka Movement.