Brahmo Samaj-1828

Raja Rammohan Roy, the pioneer of reform movement was born in a well to-do Brahmin family of Bengal; He started this on 20 August, 1828. He learnt Arabic, Sanskrit and Persian. Later on he learnt English, French, Latin, Greek and Hebrew languages and wrote a number of books in Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, Persian and English.

Source : Wikipedia

"Precepts of Jesus Christ", "The Guide to Peace and Happiness" were some of them. He got knowledge of various religions of the world. He joined the services of East India Company in 1805 and continued the same up to 1814. He went to England to the cause of the Mughal Emperor Akbar II for an enhanced allowance. He died at 1833 at Bristol. He was given title 'Raja' by the Mughal Emperor. He was called as 'Herald of New Age' in India.

Raja Rammohan Roy tried to cure Hindu Society and Religion from all its evils and set it on right footing. He founded 'Atmiya Saba' (1815) which later developed into Brahmo Samaj in 1828. The Brahmo Samaj believed in a 'universal religion' based on the principle of one supreme God. The Samaj condemned idol worship, costly rites and rituals, caste distinctions, untouchability and the practice of sati. It was because of Raia Rammohan Roy's hard work Lord William Bentinck passed Sati Prohibition Act in 1829 declaring the practice of sati as an offence, punishable with death sentence He also ' fought against polygamy and child marriage and supported inter caste marriage and widow remarriage. He tried to obtain a respectable position for women in the Indian Society. He encouraged the study of English language and the Western science in india By the Western Science the various superstitions, blind-faiths and the like were removed from India.

After the death of Raja Rammohan Roy. The work of the Samaj was carried by great men like Keshab Chandra sen and Devendranath Tagore. Due to the efforts of Keshab Chandra sen, an act was passed in 1872. It abolished polygamy and child marriage.